Tuesday, October 02, 2007

On Oct 2, 2007, at 5:10 PM, Paul Zielinski wrote:

Jack Sarfatti wrote:

OK -- then does A^a to A^a - X^a under GCTs? Or under stretch-squeeze deformations of the manifold?
Critical point.

A real physical deformation always comes from either some dynamical change in the Tuv tensor. I am not talking about that at all. We are only talking about changes in POV or perspective of locally coincident observers in arbitrary relative motion, some feel g-forces, some do not - for a fixed geometrodynamical field configuration. Their momentary separation is small compared to the local radii of curvature. That's what "locally coincident" means operationally empirically in sense of Einstein's "gedankenexperiment."

The 2 always go together to keep e^a invariant - same as ihd/dx^u - (e/c)Au gauge invariant derivative on charged source fields

What do this mean? Keep the components fixed? Or that the e^a transform as vectors under GCTs?

Remember Einstein's basic physical local frame invariant is on some "gauge orbit" ("local coincidence") physical event P (defined by the web of relations of geometrodynamic field to EM field etc as in Rovelli Ch 2)

ds^2 = e^aea = (Minkowski LIF)abe^a^eb = (Curvilinear LNIF)uvdx^udx^v = guv(LNIF)dx^udx^v

GCT's act on the u-indices.

e^a = e^audx^u

e^au is a 1st rank GCT covariant tensor

therefore e^a is a GCT invariant scalar zero rank GCT tensor

but it is a single Lorentz group vector (contravariant first rank Lorentz tensor).

e^a = I^a(Minkowski) + A^a(non-inertial)

such that A^a = 0 in both GIFs and LIFs, but not in GNIFs nor LNIFs (curvature does not matter here)

under a GCT on the u-indices

A^a to A'^a = A^a + X^a

I^a to I'^a = I^a - X^a

such that

e^a to e'^a = e^a

X^a = 0 for 1905 SR GIF to GIF'


X^a =/= 0 for GIF to GNIF' - this is the beginning of 1916 GR, but still with zero curvature Cartan 2-form field R^a^b = 0

I^a is a 1905 SR "affine invariant" but it is not a non-affine invariant i.e. including GNIF's as in the Galilean relativity non-affine GIF to GNIF' transformation

t to t'

z to z' = z - (1/2)gt^2

gt/c << 1

I^a is the geometrodynamic field analog of ih(d/dx^a) in D^a = ihd/dx^a - (e/c)A^a in U(1) EM this U(1) gauge covariant derivative on a the charged complex number Psi field gives under a gauge transformation with phase chi

D^aPsi -> D^aPsi' = e^ichiD^aPsi

That is minimal coupling (equivalence principle) gives

Pa to Pu = e^auPa

where the Pa generate the globally flat translation group T4, so Pu is the 4-momentum in the off-geodesic u-space using curvilinear guv metric, technically the "tangent/co-tangent spaces" depending on position of u lower or upper. LIFs are approximately geodesic a-spaces using constant Minkowski metric - I mean their origins in a region small compared to the radii of local curvature, i.e. 1905 SR works locally to a good approximation. Note that the local curvature tensor Rabcd =/= 0 in a LIF if Ruvwl =/= 0 in a coincident LNIF. This is basically from John A. Wheeler.

So A^a (and also X^a - you were right) are basically the off-geodesic "g-force" inertial fields in non-inertial frames which for translational motions always need a non-gravity force to maintain them. For example in the text book SSS vacuum solution

g00 = - 1/grr = 1 - rs/r

rs/r < 1

area of closed 2D spherical surface surrounding point source = 4pir^2

is only for special "static" or "shell" (Wheeler) LNIF off-geodesic observers at fixed r without any circulating orbital angular momentum.

"I understand why basis vectors are coordinate-invariant under LLTs, but why should they be coordinate-invariant under GCTs?"

e^a transform as

e^a' = [SO(1,3]^a'ae^a

and each e^a is a GCT invariant (scalar).

in a sense ds^a = e^a

ds^2 = ds^adsa

ds connects P with P' where their separation is small compared to local radii of curvature. In 1905 SR the radii of curvature are infinite. In our universe - the constant large-scale de Sitter radius of curvature is (Lambda)^-1/2 where the positive dark zero point energy density is (c^4/8piG)(Lambda) ~ hc/NLp^4 ~ 10^-29 gm/cc where
Lp^2 = hG/c^3 ~ 10^-66 cm^2 & N ~ 10^122 BITS of Shannon classical (c-bit) information, i.e. Wheeler's IT FROM BIT from the future infinity (horizon) acting retro-causally in Fred Hoyle's teleology ("Intelligent Universe", 1983) "Lambda" = Einstein's "cosmological constant"


The future de Sitter horizon is the "world hologram" and our 3D space "volume without volume" is its retrocausal hologram image with exactly N volume quanta in 1-1 correspondence with the N future area quanta. That is

&L ~ (Lp^2L)^1/3 = size of quantum foam virtual bubble from Wigner

L ~ N^1/2Lp world hologram from t'Hooft

&L ~ N^1/6Lp ~ 10^-13 cm for cosmological L

Note that the world hologram Hubble scale is N^1/2Lp ~ 10^61 10^-33 ~ 10^28 cm, the geometric mean between smallest and largest lengths in the universe is simply N^1/4Lp ~ (10^28 10^-33)^1/2 ~ 10^-2-10^-3 cm and the dark energy density is ~ hc/(geometric mean)^4. Note also that c/(geometric mean) ~ 10^12 Hertz.

If A^a to A^a - X^a under *deformations* (holding the local coordinates invariant) then the -X^a term
would directly correspond to the first-order effect of the "actual" gravitational field in the 1915 theory.
Then *intrinsic* -X^a cancels the effect of "curved coordinate" X^a appearing under the action of the
non-linear GCTs.

No not for physical deformations, only for the non-physical GCT changes in local coordinates - on same gauge orbit. Analogy is to U(1) EM gauge transformations

APsi to (A + grad Chi)Psi

igrad(e^iChi Psi) = [-(gradChi)Psi + igradPsi]e^iChi


*I suppose you can say that all the different points p on the same GCT gauge orbit P represent all possible subjective POVs of the infinity of possible locally coincident observers looking at the same physical P. The p's are the Shadows and P is the Platonic Idea (Allegory of the Cave, "The Republic") Observables are GCT invariant.

"If, on the other hand, you get A^a to A^a - X^a under GCTs alone, without deformation of the manifold,
then there is nothing I can see in this -X^a term that corresponds to the actual non-tidal field of the 1915

That's correct. X^a is simply a non-physical gauge artifact that is cancelled out - using entire gauge orbit as the physical object - deformed by changes in the energy density etc of the source fields.

OK. But at the same time, the components e^a do nonetheless change under GCTs,

according to I^a to I^a + A^a?

Even in a flat spacetime?

What happens is that e^a is GCT invariant, however, in general if you jump from a geodesic to a non-geodesic intersecting it at same P

I^a to I'^a = I^a + X^a

0 to A'^a = - X^a

e^a to e'a = e^a

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